The Phlebotomists' primary job is to collect blood samples from patients. Phlebotomists must be specially trained to draw blood samples by skin puncture or venipuncture. Blood may be drawn for testing in a clinical laboratory or may be collected for a blood bank. Phlebotomists must be familiar with medical terminology and have data entry skills to register patients, look up provider orders, and patient laboratory test results on computer information systems. After collecting blood specimens, phlebotomists also process and prepare blood and other body fluid specimens for on-site testing or for shipment to another laboratory for testing.
Hospitals, doctors' offices, blood donation centers, clinics and nursing homes employ phlebotomists.
To qualify for certification as a Limited Phlebotomy Technician (LPT) , a candidate must have completed 20 hours of basic didactic/classroom instruction from a phlebotomy training program approved by the California Department of Health Services. The applicant must also have completed at least 25 skin punctures under the general overall supervision of persons qualified to train the applicant. No examination is required. LPT's are only allowed to perform skin punctures.
To qualify for certification as a Certified Phlebotomy Technician I (CPT I), applicants must complete a minimum of 40 hours of didactic/classroom instruction in basic and advanced phlebotomy techniques from a phlebotomy training program approved by the California Department of Health Services. They must also successfully complete a minimum of 40 hours of practical instruction in a clinical setting performing venipuncture on actual patients from a variety of age groups and health conditions. A national certification examination is required.
Links to Additional Career Information
Department of Health Services (510) 412-5846 www.dhs.ca.gov/ps/ls/lsindex.htm
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (773) 714-8880 www.naacls.org
Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (703) 917-9503 www.abhes.org
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (312) 738-1336 www.ascp.org/bor
American Medical Technologists (847) 823-5169 www.amt1.com
Links to Organizations Which Offer Certifying Exams for Phlembotomists
American Certification Agency
P.O. Box 58, Osceola, IN 46561
National Healthcareer Association
134 Evergreen Place , 9th Floor,
East Orange , NJ 07018
American Medical Technologists
710 Higgins Road
Park Ridge , IL 60068
National Center for Competency Testing
7007 College Boulevard, Suite 250
Overland Park, KS 66211
American Society for Clinical Pathology
2100 West Harrison Street
Chicago , IL 60612
National Credentialing Agency
P.O. Box 15945-289
Lenexa , KS 66285